09. March 2014 · Comments Off on Co-operantics at the Co-operative City Conference · Categories: Uncategorized

Sat 8th March saw Co-operantics represented at the Southampton Co-operative City Conference.

In addition to updates from Southampton Area Co-operative Development Agency’s John Merritt & Dave Griffiths, Council leader Simon Letts and Councillor Andrew Pope on the “Co-operative City” idea and its progress, there was an excellent key note presentation from Nick Matthews, Vice Chair of Co-operatives UK and introductions to West Solent Solar Co-operative and Hamwic Housing Co-operative.

During the afternoon Nathan facilitated a workshop on Co-operative Skills.  With only a 45 minute slot we still managed to incorporate information about what co-operative skills are and why they are important along with a group session exploring what makes good and bad meetings.  Despite the time restraints the group even got to the stage of discussing strategies for  avoiding bad meeting behaviours and encouraging good meeting behaviours.  The way the exercise worked provided an opportunity for people to work in teams towards a shared task, which in itself may have helped some participants reflect on the way their co-op works!  Perhaps the most engaged disccussions were around co-operatives having too many meetings and problems with participation in meetings.  Are the two linked? Quite possibly. As participants agreed: there’s got be some purpose to the meeting for it to be worthwhile and if people aren’t attending, maybe it is because they don’t see the value in it.  Wise words.  There was even debate about whether or not incentives such as food are counter productive bringing people for the wrong reasons! The challenge to co-ops is to unpick the answer to “What’s In It For Me?” for members to attending meet – which may come back to ensuring the co-op is truly delivering member benefit and that the members are in agreement about what that benefit should be and what common goals they want to achieve.  That’ll be strategy then!

The fruits of participants’ labour:

Participant work from Co-op Skills micro workshop 8 March

Participant work from Co-op Skills micro workshop 8 March

Participant work from Co-op Skills micro workshop 8 March

If you would like Co-operantics to run a workshop at your conference or event, get in touch!

19. February 2014 · Comments Off on Welcome to Co-operantics · Categories: Uncategorized

Our Home page hosts occasional blogs about what we are doing, what we think about what’s going on in the co-operative world and topics of interest. Elsewhere (see links) you will find free tips, tools and techniques to help you work together more effectively, information on our services and how to get in touch.

06. February 2014 · Comments Off on How Co-operantics maintains a quality service · Categories: Uncategorized

Cooperantics has recently reviewed the quality of our services in three ways:

  1.  We provided the Co-operative Enterprise Hub, to whom we are a sub-contractor, with evidence of: how we carry out personal reviews to ensure our practitioners are able to deliver a quality service to clients; how we keep track of our practitioners’ ongoing personal development; how we conduct reviews of the service our organisation delivers, and how we provide our complaints procedure.
  2. We took part in a service review session with members of two other Co-operative Development Bodies: Principle Six and Co-operative Solutions. The process enabled us to learn from each other’s practice and identify ways in which we could all improve the service we provide to co-operatives.
  3. Each practitioner in Co-operantics underwent a peer appraisal, in which we reviewed our practice with a client. This process helps us identify our strengths, weaknesses and areas in which we would like to develop skills or understanding, which in turn influences our professional personal development plans.

We are confident our ongoing review process maintains and improves the quality of the support we provide and feedback from clients indicates that view is shared!

Happy New Year from us at Co-operantics – we hope 2014 brings us all peace, happiness and co-operation.

Here at Co-operantics Towers we are very excited about a new series of seminars we are working on with Co-operatives UK, Seeds for Change, Rhizome and Dynamix – focusing on Co-operative Skills. We expect to be launching the seminars in Birmingham, Manchester and Bristol later in the Spring – watch this space for further information!

In the meantime, maybe you’d like to have a go at our Co-operative Skills Audit, which will provide you with a yardstick to assess communications, meetings and decision-making, as well as how effectively you deal with conflict and how well you work as a team.

Enjoy!

 

23. December 2013 · Comments Off on Enjoy the festive season! · Categories: Uncategorized

Happy Holidays from Co-operantics, here’s to health, happiness & co-operation!

How about some festive music-making fun (thanks to Lizzie & Wayne)

 

09. December 2013 · Comments Off on Co-ops & Governance · Categories: About Co-operatives, Uncategorized

Media comment about recent events at the Co-op Bank has generated much heat but very little light over the issue of governance in co-operatives. Like others in the UK co-operative movement, we are concerned that apparent failures in governance – as highlighted by the ex-Chief Executive of the Co-operative Group in his recent appearance before a government select committee – are being extrapolated to apply to all co-operatives.

This is far from the case. It’s important to remember that although the Co-operative Group provides generous levels of resources to support the UK Co-operative movement, it is not synonymous with it. Also the Group has a hierarchical and somewhat complex structure – unique in the UK – due to its size and its 150-year history. The current structure has grown over the years, through mergers and transfers of engagements, most recently with the historic merger of CWS and CRS, with a resulting mix at national Board level of representatives of other consumer retail co-ops as well as Group representatives from different regional Boards.

Co-op News reports that the Group has launched an independent review to look at “strategic decision-making, management structures, culture, governance and accounting practices”, and with a new Group Chair, Ursula Lidbetter MBE, Chief Executive of Lincolnshire Co-op, providing leadership and guidance, the future looks positive.

Co-operatives with a flat, democratically managed organisational structure aim to involve more people in decision-making, so good governance is critical, because without it we would be engaged in endless decision-making meetings or be subject to the whim of unaccountable charismatic leaders. We need structures which protect people from themselves and each other, so that we are not totally reliant on individual integrity, (not that integrity is not a good thing in itself!)

How can co-ops avoid problems arising from poor governance? A co-operative organisational structure should facilitate clear lines of delegation and accountability for decision-making. Directors must have clearly defined roles differentiating their responsibilities from those of operational management. There should be agreed policy on election of Board members to ensure a healthy turnover whilst at the same time retaining continuity. Member engagement is critical, with members involved in a range of different ways, including standing for the Board, so that there are contested elections at the AGM. And of course all members need excellent co-operative skills – good communication, efficient meetings and decision-making and effective techniques for coping with conflict. Inclusiveness is key – cliques and cronyism have no place in a successful co-operative.

Co-operantics has recently been part of a team delivering the ILM-accredited training programme: Core Competencies for Co-operative Business Advisors, which addresses these issues in detail, including organisational structures, legal forms, governance and co-operative management. The programme is funded through the Co-operative Enterprise Hub, itself funded by the Co-operative Group.

We are extremely pleased that our good friends Co-operative Business Consultants are organising a major conference on Friday 17th January 2014: Co-op Bank Crisis Ways Forward for the Co-operative Movement where activists, co-operators and co-operative business advisors will debate how we move on from the current crisis, building on the successes of the last few years.

And don’t forget: Co-operative businesses have a higher survival rate than conventional businesses, and the co-operative sector is growing faster than the UK economy, increasing by 20% in the last five years.

For more detailed discussion of the issues we recommend:

Ed Mayo

Ian Snaith

Andrew Bibby

December 2013

10. October 2013 · Comments Off on Sit back, relax and watch a video…. · Categories: Uncategorized

Although it has been out in the wild for over a year, we think this video is a great introduction to the wider movement for members of co-operatives.  You could use it in your induction processes

21. July 2013 · Comments Off on Get help with your co-op from Co-operantics for free! · Categories: Uncategorized

If your co-operative is located in the South East of England or London, we may be able to provide with some support for free.  As part of the regional co-operative consortium South East Co-operative Support we are able to work with co-operatives who apply for support from The Co-operative Enterprise Hub.  To make sure you identify the right sort of support, and that the work is allocated to Co-operantics, we advise having a chat first.  Nathan is our contact for these areas so contact him using the form or email address on our Contact Us page.

People interested in starting a new co-op can also receive assistance through The Co-operative Enterprise Hub.

10. July 2013 · Comments Off on Decision making · Categories: About Co-operatives, Meetings and decision making

Co-operative myths: decision-making is done by all, or how many co-operators does it take to change a lightbulb?

The last instalment of our series looks at the myth that in co-operatives, decisions are taken by everyone.

In this series Co-operantics aims to debunk some of the commoner myths about co-operatives – the stereotypical beliefs that people hold about what a cooperative is, which can lead to misunderstanding and can prevent people from recognising the very real value of the co-operative business model.

In co-ops everyone takes the decisions – right? Wrong! If they did, it would be difficult to get any work done!

Depending on the type of co-operative, everyone can be involved to some extent in decision-making, but the kind of decisions people can influence will vary according to co-operative structure. In a more hierarchical co-operative, with representative democracy, operational decisions will be taken by managers employed to run the co-operative, whilst member representatives may be able to influence strategic or policy decision making at Board level. The Co-operative Group is the largest consumer-owned cooperative in Europe, with a turnover in 2012 of over £13 billion. It is run like a conventional company, by employed staff and managers, but members sit on local and regional committees and also at national Board level, and are provided with induction and training to provide them with the skills and knowledge necessary to participate in running such an enormous business.

Employee-owned co-operatives tend to have less hierarchical structures, but nevertheless have a range of approaches to decision-making. Some, like Unicorn Grocery are committed to a highly participative approach to strategic management. They hold an annual away day where all members can contribute ideas and debate potential projects and initiatives, which can then be taken up and implemented by a strategic team or by relevant departmental teams. In other co-operatives, strategic decisions will be taken by a Board of Directors or a Management Committee, whose members are elected annually, often with a proportion standing down each year to ensure continuity whilst bringing in new blood.

In all co-operatives, people taking decisions must have delegated authority to do so, they must have the autonomy to get on with it without anyone peering over their shoulder telling them what to do, and perhaps most importantly, they must be accountable to the members in general meetings or at the Annual General Meeting (AGM).

There are a variety of levels at which decisions can be taken. In all co-operatives, employees should have job descriptions, which will include the kind of decisions to be taken on a day to day basis, as part of the job. Employees should also have easy access to the co-operative’s written policies and procedures, which will provide guidance for individuals on decision-making. Departments and teams should have an agreed remit, including the kinds of decisions they can take, perhaps with a budget limit. The co-operative’s Constitution will state what decisions can be taken at General Meetings and the Annual General Meeting, the latter usually concerned with election of Directors or Management Committee Members, approval of the Annual Accounts and acceptance of the Board or Management Committee Report, describing how Directors have implemented the co-operative’s business plan during the year.

Of course in smaller co-operatives, operational and strategic decisions will be taken by the same people, but wearing different hats, so it’s useful to find a way of differentiating operational decisions from tactical or strategic ones, by holding different types of meeting – or remembering which ‘hat’ you’ve got on!

Finally there are a range of approaches to decision-making, from Command (authority lies in the job description) through Delegated (authority lies in our remit) to Voting (authority lies in agreement by over 50% of the members) to Consensus (authority lies in arriving at an agreement that everyone can commit to).

It’s clear that each of these approaches has its advantages and disadvantages which are discussed in more depth here, however it is important that co-operatives understand the difference between voting and consensus decision making. It’s a mistake to resort to voting if your attempt to arrive at a consensus decision fails. It’s better to decide beforehand whether or not a decision requires consensus, and we believe there are clear circumstances under which consensus decision making is to be recommended. If the decision is going to affect large numbers of members, if it implies significant expenditure, or if it will impact on the co-operative in the long term, then it is worth using the techniques of consensus decision-making to arrive at a decision that everyone will commit to and no-one will ignore or subvert. However consensus decision making requires a good understanding of the techniques involved and can be time consuming. Seeds for Change have recently published their excellent Consensus Handbook with clear guidance and some thoughtful reflection on power and conflict.

And lastly, beware the dangers of Groupthink! Just because all your mates think it’s a good idea is not a good reason for agreeing something – co-operatives need assertive members who think for themselves and share their opinions including fears and reservations.

25. June 2013 · Comments Off on Equal Pay · Categories: About Co-operatives

In this series we aim to debunk some of the commoner myths about co-operatives – the stereotypical beliefs that people hold about what a co-operative is, which can lead to misunderstanding and can prevent people from recognising the very real value of the co-operative business model.

EQUAL PAY

The second topic is equal pay – in a co-op everyone gets paid the same, don’t they? No, not always, some co-operatives do have an ‘equal pay for all’ policy, for example worker co-operatives in the wholefood sector, but this is by no means common. Of course equity is one of our co-operative values, so all co-operatives would subscribe to equal pay for equal work. However many co-operatives do have pay scales and pay differentials, some following the example of the famous spanish co-operative Mondragon, and limiting differentials between managerial staff and shop floor workers pay.

A recent article in Co-operative News described how salaries in worker cooperatives tend to foster gender equality, even though in Europe, inequality in pay between men and women is high. According to the survey: European Project – Active Women in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), in 93.8 per cent of cases in worker co-operatives in Spain, France and Italy, gender based salary discrimination does not exist. The survey interviewed 133 women who said that they receive an equal salary to men for an equal workload.

So when people do get the same pay, how does it work?
At Essential Trading Co-operative, the pay system is based on principles of equality and equity, with a pay scale based on length of service, and is possibly unique among worker co-ops within the wholefood sector in the way in which work responsibilities are allocated. Individuals who wish to join the co-op are recruited into specific roles (e.g. Personnel Worker, Retail Worker, Food Processing Worker). However Essential do not conduct job role evaluations in order to place roles into distinct pay brackets. This is because they do not believe that more value should be placed on some forms of work as opposed to others. Nor are there additional monetary benefits for individuals elected by the co-op membership to sit on committees (such as the Management Committee or Strategy Committee) or elected by their team members to act as Team Coordinators.

However, unlike Suma and Unicorn Grocery, Essential does not simply have one rate of pay. The co-operative operates a pay scale that is based on length of service. All probationary members begin on the same rate of pay. They progress through different pay grades, linked only to duration of employment. It is expected that members will come to take on a greater level of responsibility for the management of the co-op and their own area of the business with time, and it is this that Essential seeks to reward through their graded pay structure.

Similarly, the co-operative calculates members’ entitlement to dividends based on the number of hours that they are contracted to work per week, their length of service and their democratic contribution to the co-op’s decision making processes (e.g. how many General Meetings they have attended and how many ballots they have cast a vote in during the last quarter). Also, all members can access the co-operative’s generous health care scheme.

At Calverts Design & Print co-op, Sion Whellens says “the notion of a ‘market rate’ for different skills and job functions is a myth based on social and workplace hierarchy”. Calverts’ equal hourly pay system has been in place without challenge since 1977.

All workers (whether members or non members) are hourly paid, and the hourly rate is the same for all job functions. The rationale for this is that all job roles are equally necessary to the good performance of the business, and should therefore be equally remunerated – Calverts have never found that their pay system makes it difficult to recruit or retain workers. Staff turnover is less than half the industry average, so they have retained a high and increasing level of skills over the years. All workers are simultaneously members, directors and employees of the co-op. The co-op has never made compulsory redundancies on account of recessions or trading downturns. They have occasionally shared the pain of deferred wages and wage cuts, in order to maintain employment levels in the co-op.

Calverts’ current hourly rate is £16.50 per hour (down from around £17.75 before the current crisis), higher than London industry average. Full time hours are 35 per week, lower than the industry average of 39. All overtime (again irrespective of job function) is paid at x 1.5, serving not only as an incentive to work extra hours when needed, but also for the co-op to maximise working hours and minimise routine overtime.

Thanks to Essential and Calverts members for sharing this useful information.